Red and Green Quilts
Christmas Block Wallhanging by Kathleen McCrady, 1988. Photo by Alex Labry.
It’s December as I write this, and my home has been festooned for Christmas in a mostly red and green color scheme. At this time of year, I usually pull out a couple of red and green quilts to complete my holiday decorating. I could hardly be less original with my color choices, of course, as red and green have long been closely associated with the holiday season worldwide in countries that celebrate Christmas.
There are many theories, both secular and spiritual, as to why and how red and green became synonymous with Christmas. Most date the origin to pagan times, when evergreens were used in winter solstice celebrations to symbolize the continuation of life through seasons when much plant life died or went dormant. Holly, with its glossy evergreen foliage and bright red berries, was believed by Romans to be sacred to their god Saturn and so was used during Saturnalia, a festival held each December in his honor.
During the Middle Ages in Germany, “mystery plays” were customarily used to teach Biblical stories to illiterate churchgoers. In December, to illustrate the story of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, a pine tree was decorated with red apples. Eventually, the color green came to symbolize eternal life via Jesus’ sacrifice and red the blood of Christ.
Other traditions, such as Hinduism and Buddhism, link the colors of red and green with spiritual centers in the body.
In the United States during the Civil War, a cartoonist by the name of Thomas Nast drew pictures of Santa Claus based on his reading of Clement Moore’s 1822 poem, The Night Before Christmas (then known as A Visit from St. Nicholas) and gave Santa a red coat and a holly sprig in his hat. Historians variously state that the Santa character in Moore’s poem originally had a tan or black coat. Later illustrators, including those who drew the popular 1930s-era advertisements for Coca Cola, solidified the image of Santa wearing red, usually set off with greenery of some sort in the picture.
The red and green color combination became a craze with quilters in the United States during the decades between the mid-1830s and mid-1860s, when many exceptionally beautiful red and green quilts were created. Quilters have long recognized that complementary colors (those opposite one another on the color wheel), such as red and green, appear to be more intense when used together. It was not until the middle of the 19th century, however, that red and green dyes became more stable. While this new colorfastness was especially true in the case of red dye (green took a little longer), quilters could not resist combining the two.
And so it seems natural nowadays to decorate at Christmastime with red and green, and for those of us who love quilts, with red and green quilts. Whatever the origins of the tradition, it is one that defines the holidays for many of us.
Click here to return to top.
Column 132: Maura Grace Ambrose
Column 131: All You Need Is Love
Column 130: Chicken Linens
Column 129: The Quilted Chuppah
Column 128: Patchwork Around the World: Yoruba Dance Costumes
Column 127: The Bowers Co-Op Quilts
Column 126: Fon Appliqué and Haitian Voodoo Flags
Column 125: The Quilt Garden at The North Carolina Arboretum
Column 124: Harriet Powers and Handful’s Mauma
Column 123: Quilters de Mexico
Column 122: An Appliquéd Surprise
Column 121: Matisse’s Fabric Stash
Column 120: Soogan—The Cowboy’s Quilt
Column 119: The Ron Swanson Quilt
Column 118: HClarkdale, Georgia—A Thread of History
Column 117: How WWI Changed the Color of Quilts in the United States
Column 116: Wagga—The Bushman’s Quilt
Column 115: All in the Family
Column 114: The Alabama State Quilt
Column 113: Balloon Quilts of Albuquerque
Column 112: The Family That Quilts Together, Stays Together
Column 111: Two Rivers, Three Sisters
Column 110: Quilters Helping Quilters
Column 109: Community Cookbooks and Fundraiser Quilts—Parallel Histories
Column 108: Quilting to Freedom
Column 107: National Quilting Day
Column 106: The Airing of the Quilts
Column 105: A Call for a National Juneteenth Commemorative Quilt
Column 104: Dominoes
Column 103: 1936 Texas Centennial Bluebonnet Quilt
Column 102: Helen Blackstone, A Texas Quilter
Column 101: Montana CattleWomen Anniversary Brand Quilt
Column 100: 100th Suzy's Fancy Column!
Column 99: Montana Stockgrowers Anniversary Brand Quilt
Column 98: The Tobacco Sack Connection
Column 97: Meet the Sisters Who Are State Fair Quilting Queens
Column 96: The connection between fairs and quilts.
Column 95: Her Mother Pieced Quilts
Column 94: Rebecca Barker’s Quiltscapes
Column 93: The Thread and Thimble Club Mystery
Column 92: The Ballerina Quilter
Column 91: Grandmother's Flower Garden Comes Alive at Texas Quilt Museum
Column 90: Leitmotif for a Lifelong Love Affair
Column 89: Quilting in The Bahamas
Column 88: Joan of Arc: A Quilter's Inspiration
Column 87: Home Demonstration Clubs and Quilting
Column 86: Linzi Upton and the Quilted Yurt
Column 85: A Bounty of Quilts
Column 84: Desert Trader
Column 83: Quilts and the Women’s Liberation Movement
Column 82: Replicating the Past: Reproduction Fabrics for Today’s Quilts
Column 81: Why So Many Quilt Shops in Bozeman, Montana?
Column 80: Southeastern Quilt and Textile Museum
Column 79: 54 Tons of Quilt
Column 78: Ollie Steele Burden’s Quilt Blocks
Column 77: Quilting with AMD
Column 76: Maverick Quilts and Cowgirls
Column 75: The Modern Quilt Guild—Cyberculture Quilting Ramps Up
Column 74: The Membership Quilt—Czech Quilting in Texas
Column 73: Maximum Security Quilts
Column 72: Author: Terri Thayer
Column 71: The Christmas Quilt
Column 70: New Mexico Centennial Quilt
Column 69: Scrub Quilts
Column 68: “Think Pink” Quilt Raises Funds for Rare Cancer Research
Column 67: Righting Old Wrongs.
Column 66: 100 Years, 100 Quilts - More on the Arizona Centennial.
Column 65: Arizona Centennial Quilt Project
Column 64: Capt. John Files Tom’s Family Tree
Column 63: The Fat Quarters
Column 62: Quilt Fiction Author: Clare O’Donohue
Column 61: Louisiana Bicentennial Quilt
Column 60: The Camo Quilt Project.
Column 59: Thread Wit
Column 58: Ralli Quilts
Column 57: Preschool Quilters
Column 56: The Story Quilt
Column 55: Red and Green Quilts
Column 54: On the Trail
Column 53: Quilt Trail Gathering
Column 52: True Confessions: First Quilt
Column 51: Quilted Pages
Column 50: Doll Quilts
Column 49: More Than a Quilt Shop
Column 48: Las Colchas of the Texas-Mexico Border
Column 47: Literary Gifts
Column 46: A Different Way of Seeing
Column 45: Sampling
Column 44: Hen and Chicks
Column 43: A Star Studied Event
Column 42: Shoo Fly Pattern
Column 41: Awareness Quilts
Column 40: Tivaevae
Column 39: UnOILed UnspOILed Coast Quilt Project
Column 38: Katrina Recovery Quilts
Column 37: Quilted Vermont
Column 36: The Labyrinth Quilt—A Meditative Endeavor
See other archived columns here